Revaluation: Definition, Examples, Vs Devaluation

This is an option under International Financial Reporting Standards, but is not allowed under Generally Accepted Accounting Principles. Once a business revalues a fixed asset, it carries the fixed asset at its fair value, less any subsequent accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses. Some ways that a country can improve its currency is by purchasing its own currency and selling foreign exchange assets to do so. It can also raise interest rates, reduce inflation, and implement supply-side economic policies, such as increasing competitiveness. Currency revaluation is usually good for the country that does the revaluation as it increases the value of the currency. Exchange rates are bilateral, so the improvement in one currency means the decline of another; however, because the world is intertwined, changes in currency values can have far-reaching consequences, which could impact the levels of imports and exports.

Before the Chinese government revalued its currency in 2005, it was pegged to the U.S. dollar. PPE should be derecognised (removed from PPE) either on disposal or when no future economic benefits are expected from the asset (in other words, it is effectively scrapped). A gain or loss on disposal is recognised as the difference between the disposal proceeds and the carrying value of the asset (using the cost or revaluation model) at the date of disposal. Revaluations affect both the currency being examined and the valuation of assets held by foreign companies in that particular currency. Since a revaluation has the potential to change the exchange rate between two countries and their respective currencies, the book values of foreign-held assets may have to be adjusted to reflect the impact of the change in the exchange rate. Where an asset is measured under the revaluation model then IFRS 5 requires that its revaluation must be updated immediately prior to being classified as held for sale.

A currency revaluation increases the value of a currency in relation to other currencies. This makes the purchase of foreign goods in foreign currencies less expensive to domestic importers. Conversely, domestic exporters will see a decline in exporting business as the exporting goods are now more expensive to foreign importers. For most companies, the carrying value of assets is the book value after netting out any accumulated depreciation. The carrying value of an asset may be adjusted to the fair value after the depreciation period has ended.

Like most reserve line items, the revaluation reserve amount either increases or decreases the total value of balance sheet assets. A revaluation of the local currency to a higher value vis-a-vis other currencies will make it less expensive for local consumers to acquire the foreign funds with which to import foreign goods, so they will do more importing. Domestic producers, on the other hand, will be able to sell fewer export goods because foreign consumers will find it more expensive to obtain the local funds with which to pay for them; so the country will export less. Thus its balance of trade will move to a smaller surplus or to a deficit, and the central bank will experience a decrease in its net inflow of foreign currency to its reserves, or even a reversal to a net outflow. The U.S. had a fixed exchange rate until 1973 when President Richard Nixon removed the United States from the gold standard and introduced a floating rate system.

When the asset is sold, any difference between the new carrying value and the net selling price is shown as a profit or loss on sale. A property was purchased on 1 January 20X0 for $2m (estimated depreciable amount $1m – useful economic life 50 years). Annual depreciation of $20,000 was charged from 20X0 to 20X4 inclusive and on 1 January 20X5 the carrying value of the property was $1.9m.

This change reflects the new value of the foreign asset, in the home currency, by adjusting for the revaluation of the currency involved. General principlesIAS 16 allows entities the choice of two valuation models for PPE – the cost model or the revaluation model. A class of assets is a grouping of assets that have a similar nature or function within the business. For example, properties would typically be one class of assets, and plant and equipment another.

  1. No further depreciation is charged as its carrying value will be recovered principally through sale rather than continuing use.The existing carrying value of the asset is compared with its ‘fair value less costs to sell’ (effectively the selling price less selling costs).
  2. PPE should be derecognised (removed from PPE) either on disposal or when no future economic benefits are expected from the asset (in other words, it is effectively scrapped).
  3. A firm must also make revaluations with sufficient regularity to ensure that the amount at which an asset is carried in the company’s records does not vary materially from its fair value.
  4. The revaluation rate is primarily considered the closing rate for the previous trading session.
  5. Show how this transaction would be recorded in the financial statements.SolutionImmediately prior to being classified as held for sale, the asset would be revalued to its latest fair value of $700,000, with a credit of $100,000 to equity.

Revaluation reserves are most often used when an asset’s market value greatly fluctuates or is volatile due to currency relationships. Equity portfolio managers can show fund gains or losses by comparing the values of their fund at the specified time, such as the closing value of the fund yesterday compared to its closing value today. Revaluation can only be used if it is possible to reliably measure the fair value of an asset. A firm must also make revaluations with sufficient regularity to ensure that the amount at which an asset is carried in the company’s records does not vary materially from its fair value. For example, in 2016, prior to the vote determining if Britain would remain part of the European Union (EU), speculation caused fluctuations in the value of multiple currencies.


A company can add to or subtract from the revaluation reserve throughout the year without waiting for monthly or quarterly scheduled adjustments. Revaluation reserve is an accounting term used when a company creates a line item on its balance sheet for the purpose How to Open a Brokerage Account of maintaining a reserve account tied to certain assets. This line item can be used when a revaluation assessment finds that the carrying value of the asset has changed. Revaluation is used to adjust the book value of a fixed asset to its current market value.

What Are Revaluation Rates?

In a fixed exchange rate system, the central bank maintains an officially announced exchange rate by standing ready to buy or sell foreign currency at that rate. In general terms, revaluation of a currency is a calculated adjustment to a country’s official exchange rate relative to a chosen baseline. The baseline could in principle be anything from wage rates to the price of gold to a foreign currency. In a fixed exchange rate regime, only a decision by a country’s government (specifically, its central bank) can alter the official value of the currency.


Adam Hayes, Ph.D., CFA, is a financial writer with 15+ years Wall Street experience as a derivatives trader. Besides his extensive derivative trading expertise, Adam is an expert in economics and behavioral finance. Adam received his master’s in economics from The New School for Social Research and his Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in sociology. He currently researches and teaches economic sociology and the social studies of finance at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem.

The property was revalued to $2.8m on 1 January 20X5 (estimated depreciable amount $1.35m – the estimated useful economic life was unchanged). Show the treatment of the revaluation surplus and compute the revised annual depreciation charge.SolutionThe revaluation surplus of $900,000 ($2.8m – $1.9m) is recognised in the statement of changes in equity by crediting a revaluation reserve. The depreciable amount of the property is now $1.35m and the remaining estimated useful economic life 45 years (50 years from 1 January 20X0). Therefore, the depreciation charge from 20X5 onwards would be $30,000 ($1.35m x 1/45).A revaluation usually increases the annual depreciation charge in the income statement. IAS 16 allows (but does not require) entities to make a transfer of this ‘excess depreciation’ from the revaluation reserve directly to retained earnings.Revaluation lossesRevaluation losses are recognised in the income statement. The only exception to this rule is where a revaluation surplus exists relating to a previous revaluation of that asset.

Companies may use reserve lines in place of or in association with write-downs or impairments. Write-downs and impairments are usually a one-time expense charge due to an unexpected decrease in the value of a long-term asset. Some of the more common causes include changes in the interest rates between various countries and large-scale events that affect the overall profitability, or competitiveness, of an economy. Changes in leadership can also cause fluctuations because they may signal a change in a particular market’s stability.

To assess a trader’s profit or loss, they use the closing rate from the day before, today’s revaluation rate, as a baseline to compare today’s closing rate. If the aforementioned currency revaluation occurred, any assets held by a U.S. company in the foreign economy need to be revalued. If the asset, held in foreign currency, was previously valued at $100,000 based on the old exchange rate, the revaluation would require its value to be changed to $200,000.

More meanings of revaluation

So though a currency revaluation might be good for a country’s currency, it makes its goods more expensive, possibly hurting the level of exports. Revaluation is a calculated move that happens when a country’s official exchange rate is adjusted upward compared to a specific baseline. The revaluation rate is primarily considered the closing rate for the previous trading session. Commonly used to reference currency rates in the currency market, revaluation rates are used in other markets.

Revaluation reserves are not necessarily common, but they can be used when a company believes the value of certain assets will fluctuate beyond established schedules. The standard procedure for identifying the carrying value of assets on the balance sheet involves marking assets down overtime on a scheduled basis, usually based on a depreciation schedule. For example, suppose a government has set 10 units of its currency equal to one US dollar. This would result in that currency being slightly more expensive to people buying that currency with U.S. dollars than previously and the US dollar costing slightly less to those buying it with foreign currency.

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